VG-10 vs. S30V:Everything You Need To Know

This article will focus on the VG-10 Steel VS S30V.

VG-10 is a great steal no doubt but it can’t be compared in terms of superiority to S30V. The price tag says it all. Please note that VG-10 is also great and has it own advantages like easy to sharpen and will hold edge if not used in a demanding environment.

We have taken time to discuss every aspect of both steel in details hence we will like you to go through then make your choice based on your requirements.


Stainless steel: VG10 steel vs. S30V

The two types of stainless steel have different characteristics. VG10 is a type of stainless steel cr used for kitchenware, while S30V is a type of stainless steel. Both types of stainless steel are great choices for any project. However, they each have their advantages and disadvantages.

Edge retention: VG10 steel vs. S30V

A higher percentage of edge retention means less runoff and erosion. In general, fields with greater edge retention, a steel will have lower runoff rates than those with low edge retention.

S30V Steel

It is a good choice if you want something sturdy and durable. S30V steel holds an edge more when compared with VG-10. But the turn of is that S30V require more time to sharpen but once sharpen it holds an edge especially when you are making use of it in a demanding environment.

VG10 Steel

VG-10 steel is a type of carbon steel that is commonly used in knife blades. VG-10 will lose it edge faster and quicker although It is high-quality steel that is known for its toughness and durability also but not as compared to S30V . It is often used in kitchen knives due to its sharpness and ease of cutting.

Rust resistance: VG10 steel vs. S30V

Rusting is caused by the oxidation of metals and occurs when water molecules break down the surface of the metal and create tiny pockets of air. When rust forms, it becomes difficult to remove and can cause damage to the equipment.

VG-10 steel is rich in chromium and it content composition ranges from 14.5% to 15.5% more also VG-10 has a Molybdenum composition of 1.2% that helps it better withstand corrosion and its very similar to S30V in that department. With a chromium of 14% and Molybdenum of 2% S30V and Vg10 are have an excellent rust resistance.

Hardness: VG-10 steel vs. S30V

Using the Rockwell C scale for measurement, harder materials tend to have greater tensile strength and less ductility than softer ones.

The materials for the S30V are harder. If this feature is what you seek, then choosing S30V steel will be a better option.

Again the S30V has a carbon composition of about 1.45% while the VG-10 has a carbon composition of about 1.05%. This clearly shows that S30V is harder than VG-10

Toughness: VG10 steel vs. S30V

Toughness is the ability of a material to resist damage and remain intact under normal conditions. A material’s toughness is measured using its tensile strength (TS) and elongation at break (Eb).

Both the VG-10 steel and S30V are great steel, however, the S30V, is more solid that VG- 10 steel.

Ductility: VG 10 steel vs. S30V

Ductility refers to how much a material bends before breaking. Ductile material is easily bent without breaking, whereas brittle material breaks before bending. On average, VG10 takes about 6 times longer to fail than S30V.

The S30V steel bent at a maximum of 1 inch before breaking, while the VG10 took over 2 inches.

Sharpness: VG 10 steel vs. S30V

VG-10 is sharper than S30V and is great for sharpening but the down part is that VG-10 will need to be sharpen often when compared with those made from S30V ; again if you are a newbie you will find it difficult trying to sharpen knives made from S30V. If you’re finding the one to go for, choose the one that suits your need and also consider the price tag.

Strength: VG10 steel vs. S30V

VG-10 Steel

VG-10 is low in carbon of about 1.05% when compared to S30V that has carbon content of about 1.45%. Thus when it comes to strength you have to give it to S30V. One thing you should know is that VG-10 doesn’t chip and if it does chip its very rare and might be as a result from factory and once you keep sharpening it you wont experience it again.

S30V Stainless Steel

S30V has an alloy of iron, chromium, nickel, silicon, manganese, and, copper. All these elements make S30V strong, and it is stronger than the VG-10 steel. What we are trying to say here is that S30V has better performance more than VG-10

Composition: VG-10 10 vs. S30V

Both are extremely strong and have similar physical characteristics. However, they differ in their chemical composition. VG-10 is ideal for cutting and carving. It’s also easier to sharpen and maintain than an S30V.VG-10 vs. S30V

CPM S30V Chemical Composition

  • 1,45% of Carbon: It improves hardness and wear/corrosion resistance, but a high amount of it decreases strength.
  • 14% of Chromium: For tensile strength and Edge retention, and enhances corrosion resistance and wear resistance.
  • 2% of Molybdenum: Increase Machinability and strength.
  • 0,2% Nitrogen: Improves strength and edge retention.
  • 0,5% of Manganese: Increases hardness and brittleness.
  • 0,5% Silicon: Improves Strength.
  • 0,03% of Phosphorus: Increases strength.
  • 0,03% of Sulfur: Increases machinability.
  • 4% of Vanadium: Improves wear resistance and hardenability.
  • 0,4%Tungsten: Improves wear resistance and hardness.

VG10 Steel Chemical composition

  • 1.05 % of Carbon: It improves hardness and wear/corrosion resistance, but a high amount of it decreases strength.
  • 15.5 % of Chromium: For tensile strength and Edge retention and enhances corrosion resistance and wear resistance.
  • 0.5 % of Manganese: Increases hardness and brittleness.
  • 0.03% of Phosphorus: Increases strength.
  • 1.2% of Molybdenum: Increase Machinability and strength.
  • 0.3% of Vanadium: Improves wear resistance and hardenability.
  • 1.5% Cobalt: boosts the individual effects of other components


Is S30V better than VG10 steel?

Both types of steel have their pros and cons. If you want a knife that is both strong and durable, then S30V is the way to go. However, if you want something easier to clean and maintain, then VG10 is the way to go!

S30V properties VS VG10 steel properties

S30V Properties

The S30V alloy is high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel containing 30% chromium, 0.35% vanadium, and 0.05% carbon. The S30V steel is commonly used in applications where high tensile strengths are required. The alloying elements provide excellent corrosion resistance and good weldability. S30V steel is generally used for structural purposes.

VG10 Properties

VG10 is a type of stainless steel that contains 10% nickel and 10% chromium. Nickel is added to prevent rusting and maintain a bright finish. Chromium provides hardness and toughness, making the material resistant to wear. VG10 is commonly used in food processing equipment, medical devices, and surgical instruments.

What is S30V good for?

S30V steel is great for use in any project where you need a strong material that can handle extreme temperature changes.

Is S30V a super steal?

Yes! The S30V is a great product at a great price point.

What kind of steel is S30V?

The S30V steel is a high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel. S30V was developed by Dick Barber of Crucible Industries. It is considered a martensitic which means its a hardened kind of steel which is highly resistant to wear and corrosion

How strong is S30V steel?

S30V steel is high-strength alloy steel. S30V steel is commonly used in applications where high strength and toughness are required.

Does S30V steel rust?


S30V steel does rust if not properly maintained. However, it’s not something that should concern you unless you’re planning on using it in a place where it will be exposed to water. S30V steel is designed to withstand extreme temperatures, high pressure, and corrosive environments.

What is better than S30V

CPM-S90V is a little bit better when compared with S30V because when it comes to edge retention, rust resistance, durability and also consistency you have to give it to CPM-S90V. But the only advantage of S30V is that its more resistant to rust and corrosion.

Is VG10 steel easy to sharpen?

VG-10 steel is considered as a high premium stainless steel which is not that difficult to sharpen and yes VG-10 is easy to sharpen, all you need to do is to sharpen it with the right tools and you will have no problem

Is VG 10 high carbon steel?

Yes and it boast of 1% carbon although there are several other materials used to make it of which carbon occupied a small % . High-carbon steel is a type of steel that contains a higher amount of carbon than normal steel. This makes it harder and stronger than regular steel.

Is VG 10 stainless?

Yes. VG10 is a type of stainless steel that is known for its durability and corrosion resistance.

Does VG10 steel rust?

VG10 steel is corrosion-resistant and does not rust easily. However, if exposed to moisture, salt water, or acidic substances, it may begin to corrode over time. If left untreated, it could eventually cause damage to surrounding materials.

What steel is better than VG 10?

1)AISI 1018

AISI 1018 is a low-carbon steel alloy containing 0.30% chromium and 2.50% nickel. AISI 1010 is similar to AISI 1018 except that it does not contain nickel. Because of their good mechanical properties and ease of machining, both sheets of steel are widely used in food processing equipment and construction.

2) S35VN steel:

It is a type of stainless steel that contains vanadium. It is mostly known as a hardening agent and is added to steels to increase their hardness and durability.

The S35VN steel alloy is produced by adding vanadium to standard carbon steel. This results in harder and stronger steel than regular carbon steel. Because of its high tensile strength, S35VN steel is often used in applications where strength is critical.

How tough is VG 10?

VG10 steel is quite tough. In addition to its strength and durability, VG10 steel is resistant to corrosion and oxidation. It is also relatively inexpensive compared to other steels.


S30V is much stronger and harder than VG10. S30V is the strongest grade of carbon steel. But the extra strength comes at the cost of the lower ductility. So although S30V is stronger, it’s going to be less flexible.

Stainless steel is harder than carbon steel. It is also tougher and stronger. It is also less prone to corrosion. Both types of steel are great choices for different applications. But if you want to get the best results, then go for stainless steel.